April 17 is the historic Mujibnagar Day. It is an unforgettable day in the long history of Bangladesh’s freedom struggle.
On this day in 1971, the first government of the independent-sovereign People’s Republic of Bangladesh was officially sworn in at Amrakan in Baidyanathtala, then Meherpur subdivision of Kushtia district.
The Declaration of Independence of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, formed on 10 April 1971, was officially exploited on this occasion. From that day this place became known as Mujibnagar.
On this day, the official journey of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh started with the aim of achieving independence in the way declared by Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman by conducting the war of independence of Bangladesh and expelling the invading forces of Pakistan from the homeland.
After the 1970 general election, the then ruling clique of Pakistan refused to hand over power to elected representatives and illegally declared the National Assembly session closed indefinitely.
Later, on the night of March 25, 1971, when the Pakistani army launched an unjust and treacherous genocide against the unarmed Bengalis, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman officially declared the independence of Bangladesh through wireless in the early hours of March 26.
Following this, on 10 April the elected representatives of the absolute majority of the Awami League in the Mukta Le National Assembly elected in the border area of Meherpur met in a special session and formed the government of the Independent-Sovereign People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
In this session, the Declaration of Independence of Bangladesh was approved and the undisputed leader of 75 million people of Bangladesh Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was made the President, in the absence of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman the Vice President Syed Nazrul Islam was made the Acting President and Tajuddin Ahmed was made the Prime Minister.
At the swearing-in ceremony of the newborn state, the people of Bangladesh were called upon to wage a war of attrition against the invading forces of Pakistan through their heroism, bravery and revolutionary activities.
This newly formed government played a very important role in creating international public opinion and conducting the war of liberation for the newly independent Bangladesh and under the able leadership and direction of this government the war of liberation moved towards a successful conclusion in the quickest time.
As a result of the formation of this government, the world extended its hand of support and cooperation to the Bengalis who were fighting for independence. Finally, the final victory was achieved on December 16, 1971, in exchange for the blood of 3 million martyrs and the respect of 2 lakh mothers and sisters.
The importance and contribution of the Mujibnagar government in the history of our liberation war will be forever remembered. Due to the crisis caused by the global epidemic coronavirus, the Bangladesh Awami League will carry out a limited range of organizational programs on this historic day, avoiding mass gatherings.